The NiRA is a 48-item assessment tool, designed to initiate discussions regarding a broad array of needs, to identify unmet needs and to facilitate the meeting of unmet needs being experienced by service users.
Items of need have been divided into six categories within the NiRA to facilitate a systematic approach to assessment. These categories reflect the broader needs that have been identified throughout the development process. Whilst items have been allocated to categories in this assessment, it is important to recognise that some needs are inter-related, and may cross two or more categories. For example, needs relating to reducing or abstaining from alcohol or other substance use has been placed in the physical needs category. However, needs relating to this item are likely to also involve psychological and emotional aspects which may be important to discuss with service users within the context of a needs assessment, or at another point of contact.