Items of Assessment

Introduction to the Items:

Place holeder for missing video media saying: this Video Resource will be available soon

The NiRA is a 48-item assessment tool, designed to initiate discussions regarding a broad array of needs, to identify unmet needs and to facilitate the meeting of unmet needs being experienced by service users.

Items of need have been divided into six categories within the NiRA to facilitate a systematic approach to assessment. These categories reflect the broader needs that have been identified throughout the development process. Whilst items have been allocated to categories in this assessment, it is important to recognise that some needs are inter-related, and may cross two or more categories. For example, needs relating to reducing or abstaining from alcohol or other substance use has been placed in the physical needs category. However, needs relating to this item are likely to also involve psychological and emotional aspects which may be important to discuss with service users within the context of a needs assessment, or at another point of contact.

The Six Categories of Needs.

Practical needs

Needs relating to the resources required for maintaining an acceptable* level of quality of life, social independence and safety, such as safe and stable accommodation, adequate food and income.

  • Safe accommodation
  • Stable accommodation
  • Method to contact people (e.g. phone, internet)
  • Sufficient income
  • Support interacting with social services (e.g. housing trust, welfare services, child support, legal aid)

Daily activity needs

Needs relating to developing or applying skills that enable individuals to live with an acceptable* level of quality of life and social independence.

  • Preparing or getting meals
  • Shopping for household goods (e.g. food, clothing)
  • Cleaning and maintenance of your home
  • Managing income
  • Self-care (e.g. hygiene, appearance)
  • Transportation (e.g. to & from school, work, appointments)
  • Attending place of work or study
  • Performing well at place of work or study
  • Attending appointments
  • Knowing what to do during the day (e.g. having a routine, creative outlet, plan for education or employment)
  • Care of dependent(s) (e.g. children, other relatives, pets)

Physical health needs

Needs relating to the maintenance of physical health and the treatment and management of physical illness, including side-effects from medications.

  • Managing physical health or illness
  • Managing side-effects of medications
  • Maintaining a healthy body weight
  • Maintaining healthy eating habits
  • Maintaining healthy sleeping patterns
  • Attending regular GP appointments (e.g. review of physical & sexual health, medication reviews)
  • Reducing/abstaining from alcohol/substance use

Informational needs

Needs relating to the provision and reception of information relating to diagnosis, prognosis, symptoms, treatment and support services.

Understanding information which you have received about your...
  • diagnosis
  • treatment plan
  • medications
  • recovery and how this could be enhanced
Finding more information about your...
  • diagnosis
  • treatment plan
  • medications
  • recovery and how this could be enhanced

Emotional and psychological needs

Needs relating to the understanding, expression and management of one’s feelings, such as anger, hope, fear and happiness and; needs relating to coping with experiences and thoughts, exploring and expressing identity, the desire to be understood and to belong, and the management of psychological symptoms.

  • Understanding, expressing and managing your emotions
  • Understanding, expressing and managing your thoughts
  • Managing psychological symptoms
  • Feeling safe when you experience thoughts of self-harm
  • Feeling safe when you experience thoughts of suicide
  • Managing loneliness

Relationship needs

Needs relating to the quality of interactions with family, friends, colleagues, employers and peers, and the ability to navigate social contexts effectively and independently.

  • Discussing your diagnosis and recovery with, and/or, Changing or improving your relationship with:
    • spouse/partner
    • family members
    • friends
    • peers (e.g. at work or place of education)
    • employer/school authorities

Subscribe to our Newsletter

Join our mailing list to have access to the NiRA resources and to receive notifications on the updates of the NiRA assessment tool.

We won’t use your e-mail for any other purpose!

Project's Resources

Duis egestas aliquet aliquet. Maecenas erat eros, fringilla et leo eget, viverra pretium nulla. Quisque sed augue tincidunt, posuere dui tempor.

Links & Publications

Duis egestas aliquet aliquet. Maecenas erat eros, fringilla et leo eget, viverra pretium nulla. Quisque sed augue tincidunt, posuere dui tempor.

Learn More.

Purpose & Objectives

Project Development

Development Team